KlarAqua
  
KlarAqua is dedicated to providing an affordable filtration system that effectively eliminates bacteria and turbidity from contaminated water in developing communities.  Partnered with Monterrey Tech University, KlarAqua has been currently focusing its attention to certain regions of Mexico, but plans to eventually provide clean drinking water in all homes internationally.  Its main goals is to promote health and hygiene, but economic development in target regions will also be of value to the local inhabitants. While currently an EnPRO, KlarAqua has aspirations to become a Non-Profit Organization based in Chicago.  Not only does KlarAqua want to promote good hygiene and good health, it wants to stimulate the economy.  KlarAqua filters are made from affordable resources found in abundance all over the world: clay, sawdust, and plastic.  They are easy enough to be produced by local potters.  Jobs would be created to produce, test, ship, and implement the filtration system in homes, schools, churches, and other public areas. KlarAqua’s objectives are to produce filters that:
effectively remove bacteria and other contaminants from drinking water
are easy for people to use
are easy for local potters to produce
have an acceptable flow rate (one that will not make people too impatient to use)
are of little or no cost to users
can be easily implemented with an effective educational system
inspire users to practice good hygiene
inspire the development of more efficient filters
  
  
Feasibility of a BioChar System 
Case of Orange, Massachusetts
   
    
•The co-production of biochar from a portion of the biomass feedstock reduces the total amount of bioenergy that is produced by the technology, but even at today’s energy and fertilizer prices the net gain in soil productivity is worth more than the value of the energy that would otherwise have been derived from the biomass feedstock.
• As the cost of carbon emissions rises and the value of CO2 extraction from the atmosphere is also considered, the balance becomes overwhelmingly attractive in favor of biochar co-production. Biochar systems can:
• reverse soil degradation and create sustainable food and fuel production in areas with severely depleted soils,
•scarce organic resources, and inadequate water and chemical fertilizer supplies,
• Low-cost, small-scale biochar production units can produce biochar to build garden, gricultural, and forest productivity, and
 bioenergy for eating, cooking, drying and grinding grain, producing electricity and thermal energy, for instance.   
Centralized system:
Pro:
Job creation
Can recover all product (several component: heat, gas, oil)
----- Heat, bio-oil, biochar, electric
----- financial
Economy scale: the bigger, the better
Reduction in waste healing
Government funding ?
 
Con:
High initial costs
----- dewatering
Transportation cost
Complexity
Legal issue, permission
 
Decentralized system:
Pro:
No waste transportation needed
No real training
Gimmicky (doubles as grill)
No permit issues
Simple is best
Size
 
Con:
Less efficiency
Only recovers biochar
Farmers asking for carbon credit
 
 
Ownership:
Town
---- state funding?
---- municiple bonds
Private
Co-op
----more negotiable w/ market
----economy of scale
----owners commitment to buy product (agreement, contract or credit)
        ----- locked- in arrangement
 
Questions:
How much solid waste?
-----solid content (sludge?)
---- solid farm waste
Garbage ? (food waste, etc)
Current processing of farm waste
Capacity / period of time (depends on the design group)
Any other nonfarm waste in area ?